Papain proteolysis releases a soluble NADPH dependent diaphorase activity from bovine neutrophil membranes
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An NADPH dependent cytochrome c reductase has been purified from resting bovine neutrophil membranes. A high degree of purification, approaching homogeneity, is indicated by the presence of a single 75 kDa protein band on silver stained SDS-PAGE (10%). The purified protein catalyzes as well an NADPH dependent reduction of iodonitrotetrazolium violet (INT). Limited papain digestion of the purified preparation produces a 65 kDa product which retains both enzymatic activities. In a similar fashion papain digestion of the plasma membrane bound protein generates a fully active soluble NADPH dependent INT and cytochrome c reductase preparation (65 kDa). Proteolytic cleavage would appear to occur at a protein-membrane anchor remote from the proteins catalytic site. The cytochrome c reductase acts independently of the O2-generating cytochrome b558, a leukocyte plasma membrane protein which also catalyzes an NADPH dependent INT reduction.
author list (cited authors)
Li, J., Kon, L. M., & Guillory, R. J.