Fluorescence Enhancement in the Solid State by Isolating Perylene Fluorophores in Metal-Organic Frameworks.
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as perylene and pyrene and their derivatives are highly emissive fluorophores in solution. However, the practical applications of these materials in the field of molecular electronic and light-emitting devices are often hindered by self-quenching effects because of the formation of nonfluorescent aggregates in concentrated solutions or in the solid state. Herein, we demonstrate that aggregation-caused quenching of perylenes can be minimalized by molecular incorporation into metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). This study utilized a stable Zr6 cluster-based MOF, UiO-67, as a matrix. Linear linkers containing photoresponsive moieties were designed and incorporated into the parent UiO-67 scaffold through the partial replacement of the nonfluorescent linkers of a similar length, forming mixed-linker MOFs. The average distance between perylene moieties was tuned by changing the linker ratios, thus controlling the fluorescence intensity, emission wavelength, and quantum yield. Molecular modeling was further adopted to correlate the number of isolated perylene linkers within the framework with the ratio between the two linkers, thereby rationalizing the change in the observed fluorescent properties. Taking advantage of the tunable fluorescence, inherent porosity, and high chemical stability of this MOF platform, it was applied as a fluorescent sensor for oxygen detection in the gas phase, a model reaction, showing fast response and good recyclability.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
author list (cited authors)
Li, J., Yuan, S., Qin, J., Huang, L., Bose, R., Pang, J., ... Zhou, H.
complete list of authors
Li, Jialuo||Yuan, Shuai||Qin, Jun-Sheng||Huang, Lan||Bose, Riya||Pang, Jiandong||Zhang, Peng||Xiao, Zhifeng||Tan, Kui||Malko, Anton V||Cagin, Tahir||Zhou, Hong-Cai