Procalcitonin in children with Escherichia coli O157:H7 associated hemolytic uremic syndrome.
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Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are noninvasive enteric pathogens that may cause hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+ HUS). We hypothesized that development of D+ HUS is associated with increased serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels. PCT was measured by an immunoluminometric assay in 113 patients. Concentrations of PCT were different in normal controls, disease control groups (rotavirus enteritis, HC due to non-STEC pathogens, chronic renal failure), and children with uncomplicated O157:H7 HC or D+ HUS. Children with D+ HUS showed higher PCT levels than those with uncomplicated O157:H7 HC, and increased concentrations were noted in cases requiring peritoneal dialysis. Severely increased concentrations were observed in children with D+ HUS on d 5 or 6 after the onset of enteritis, whereas serial measurements in those with uncomplicated O157:H7 HC remained within the normal range throughout the first week of illness. PCT was correlated with serum concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase. Using two separate sets of real-time PCR primers, we were unable to detect elevated PCT mRNA transcripts in nonadherent undifferentiated (monocytic) or differentiated (macrophage-like) THP-1 cells stimulated with purified Shiga toxin-1 and/or LPS. Our data show that serum levels of PCT are associated with the severity of illness in children with D+ HUS. Further studies are needed to determine the role of PCT in the pathogenesis of thrombotic microangiopathy associated to childhood D+ HUS.
author list (cited authors)
Decaluwe, H., Harrison, L. M., Mariscalco, M. M., Gendrel, D., Bohuon, C., Tesh, V. L., & Proulx, F.
complete list of authors
Decaluwe, Hélène||Harrison, Lisa M||Mariscalco, Michele M||Gendrel, Dominique||Bohuon, Claude||Tesh, Vernon L||Proulx, François