Effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone or prostaglandin F(2)-based estrus synchronization programs for first or subsequent artificial insemination in lactating dairy cows.
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The objective was to evaluate the effects of GnRH or PGF(2)-based synchronization and resynchronization programs on fertility in lactating dairy cows. For experiment 1, cows (n=1,521) were presynchronized with 2 injections of PGF given at 36 and 50 DIM and assigned to 1 of 3 protocols: Ovsynch [OVS; n=552; GnRH injection, PGF(2) injection 7 d later, GnRH injection 56 h later, and timed artificial insemination (TAI) 16 h later] beginning at 14 d after presynchronization (PS), GnRH-GnRH-PGF(2)-GnRH (GGPG; n=402) treatment with a GnRH injection given 7 d after PS and OVS 7 d later, or PGF(2)-GnRH-PGF(2)-GnRH (P7GPG; n=567) treatment with a PGF(2) injection given 7 d after PS and OVS beginning 7 d later. Experiment 2 cows (n=2,327) were assigned to 1 of 3 resynchronization protocols 7 d before nonpregnancy diagnosis (NPD): GGPG cows (n=458) received a GnRH injection at enrollment and OVS at NPD; P7GPG cows (n=940) received a PGF(2) injection at NPD and OVS 7 d later; and P11GPG cows (n=929) received a PGF(2) injection 3 d after NPD and OVS 11 d later. In both experiments, cows were artificially inseminated upon estrus detection (ED). In experiment 1, 52.3% of cows were artificially inseminated upon ED, with GGPG having reduced ED (GGPG=46.8 vs. OVS=50.7 and P7GPG=57.7%). Treatments did not affect overall pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) at 36 and 66 d after AI (OVS=34.1 and 32.3, P7GPG=34.6 and 31.9, and GGPG=31.3 and 28.1%, respectively) or pregnancy loss but cows artificially inseminated upon ED had higher P/AI than cows undergoing TAI (ED cows=37.9 vs. TAI cows=28.8%). Treatment did not affect P/AI for cows artificially inseminated upon ED or TAI at 36 and 66 d after AI (OVS=34.1 and 32.3, P7GPG=34.6 and 31.9, and GGPG=31.3 and 28.1%). Median days in milk at first AI was affected by treatment (P7GPG=59 vs. OVS=68 and GGPG=68 d). In experiment 2, GGPG reduced ED (GGPG=23.3 vs. P7GPG=74.9 and P11GPG=79.6%). Treatment did not affect overall P/AI at 36 and 66 d after AI (GGPG=29.2 and 25.8, P7GPG=28.7 and 26.6, and P11GPG=31.9 and 30.2%) or pregnancy loss. Cows artificially inseminated upon ED had greater P/AI than TAI cows (ED=32.3 and TAI=25.1%). However, treatment did not affect P/AI for cows artificially inseminated upon ED at 36 and 66 d after AI (GGPG=29.6 and 27.3, P7GPG=29.4 and 28.1, and P11GPG=35.7 and 33.7%) or TAI (GGPG=29.1 and 25.3, P7GPG=25.0 and 22.1, and P11GPG=16.9 and 16.9%). Median days between NPD and AI was affected by treatment (GGPG=10 vs. P7GPG=4 and P11GPG=7 d). Prostaglandin-based programs increased ED and reduced interval to first AI and between AI. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone-based programs increased the proportion of TAI cows. Cows artificially inseminated upon ED had increased P/AI compared with TAI cows.
author list (cited authors)
Bruno, R., Farias, A. M., Hernndez-Rivera, J. A., Navarrette, A. E., Hawkins, D. E., & Bilby, T. R.
complete list of authors
Bruno, RGS||Farias, AM||Hernández-Rivera, JA||Navarrette, AE||Hawkins, DE||Bilby, TR