100th Anniversary of Macromolecular Science Viewpoint: Polymerization of Cumulated Bonds: Isocyanates, Allenes, and Ketenes as Monomers. Academic Article uri icon


  • Polymer chemistry offers exciting opportunities to tailor the properties of soft materials through control of the composition of the polymers and their interaction with each other, additives, and surfaces. Ongoing advances in the synthesis of polymeric materials demonstrate the drive for materials with tailored properties for enhanced performance in the next generation of materials and devices. One class of small molecules that can serve as monomers in chain growth polymerization are cumulated double bonds of the general form XYZ. The three most common classes of these molecules are isocyanates (NCO), allenes (CCC), and ketenes (CCO), each of which has been explored as monomers under a variety of conditions. The orthogonality of the two pi bonds of the cumulated double bonds (i.e., lack of conjugation) enables the formation of different polymer backbones from a single monomer, provided the regioreactivity is controlled. This Viewpoint outlines the use of these three cumulated double bonds as monomers, illustrating success and current limitations to established polymerization methods. We then provide an outlook to the future of cumulated double bonds as monomers for the generation of tailored polymer compositions.

published proceedings

  • ACS Macro Lett

altmetric score

  • 6.05

author list (cited authors)

  • Mitchell, S. M., Niradha Sachinthani, K. A., Pulukkody, R., & Pentzer, E. B.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • January 2020