Administering an additional prostaglandin F2α injection to Bos indicus beef cows during a treatment regimen for fixed-time artificial insemination Academic Article uri icon


  • Two experiments were conducted to evaluate if an additional prostaglandin F2α (PG) injection during an estradiol-based estrous synchronization treatment regimen affects pregnancy rates resulting from fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in Nelore cows. In Experiment 1, 1039 cows were administered estradiol benzoate and an intravaginal progesterone releasing device (CIDR) on d -11, an injection of PG on d -4, with CIDR removal and administration of estradiol cypionate and eCG occurring on d -2, and FTAI on d 0. Cows were administered an additional injection of PG (PG2) or saline (PG1) on d -2. Percentage pregnancy per FTAI on d 30 was greater (P = 0.01) in cows of the PG2 than PG1 group (54.5 % and 46.6 %, respectively). In Experiment 2, there was use of the same treatment regimen for estrous synchronization of 934 cows as that for Experiment 1 followed by FTAI, with there being diagnosis of whether cows had or did not have a corpus luteum on d -4. Response to estrous synchronization, largest follicle diameter at FTAI, and pregnancy per FTAI were greater (P ≤ 0.05) in cows of the PG2 than PG1 group with a body condition score (BCS) < 5.0 at FTAI (81.2 % and 72.6 %, 11.9 and 11.2 mm, 55.5 and 45.6 %; respectively). These treatment responses did not differ (P ≥ 0.18) in cows with BCS ≥ 5.0. Collectively, results indicate that treatment with PG2 increased pregnancy per FTAI in B. indicus cows deficient in body energy reserves, by enhancing follicle development and estrous synchronization response.

author list (cited authors)

  • Noronha, I. M., Cooke, R. F., Martins, C., Filho, R., Pohler, K. G., & Vasconcelos, J.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • July 2020