Tradespace Analysis of GNSS Space Segment Architectures Academic Article uri icon


  • Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) provide ubiquitous, continuous and reliable positioning, navigation and timing information around the world. However, GNSS space segment design decisions have been based on the precursor Global Positioning System (GPS), which was designed in the 70s. This paper revisits those early design decisions in view of major technological advancements and new GNSS environmental threats. The rich tradespace between User Navigation Error (UNE) performance and constellation deployment costs is explored and conclusions are complemented by sensitivity analysis and association rule mining. This study finds that constellations at an orbit altitude of ~2 Earth radii can outperform existing GNSS in terms of cost, robustness and UNE. These insights should be taken into account when designing future generations of GNSS.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Pereira, F., & Selva, D.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Pereira, Filipe||Selva, Daniel

publication date

  • January 1, 2021 11:11 AM