Stability of 3-deoxyanthocyanin pigment structure relative to anthocyanins from grains under microwave assisted extraction
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Sorghum derived 3-deoxyanthocyanin (DXA) pigments are stable relative to their anthocyanin analogs, and are of growing interest in food applications. However, the 3DXA are poorly extractable from grain tissue. This work aimed to determine the relative stability and extractability of sorghum 3-DXA vs anthocyanins from maize and cowpea under microwave-assisted extraction (MAE). UV-Vis and UPLC-MS/MS spectrometry were used to characterize the properties. The 3-DXA remained structurally stable to MAE conditions up to 1200 W/100 °C/30 min. MAE increased sorghum 3-DXA yield 100% versus control (3100 vs 1520 mg/g). On the other hand, both maize and cowpea anthocyanins were unstable and rapidly degraded under MAE. Cell wall-derived ferulate esters were detected in sorghum and maize MAE extracts, indicating cell wall degradation occurred during MAE. Thus the enhanced extraction of 3-DXA under MAE was due to their structural stability, along with improved diffusion from cell matrix due to microwave-induced sorghum cell wall disruption.
author list (cited authors)
Herrman, D. A., Brantsen, J. F., Ravisankar, S., Lee, K., & Awika, J. M.