Beam energy dependence of moments of the net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We report the first measurements of the moments--mean (M), variance ((2)), skewness (S), and kurtosis ()--of the net-charge multiplicity distributions at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at seven energies, ranging from sqrt[sNN]=7.7 to 200 GeV, as a part of the Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC. The moments are related to the thermodynamic susceptibilities of net charge, and are sensitive to the location of the QCD critical point. We compare the products of the moments, (2)/M, S, and (2), with the expectations from Poisson and negative binomial distributions (NBDs). The S values deviate from the Poisson baseline and are close to the NBD baseline, while the (2) values tend to lie between the two. Within the present uncertainties, our data do not show nonmonotonic behavior as a function of collision energy. These measurements provide a valuable tool to extract the freeze-out parameters in heavy-ion collisions by comparing with theoretical models.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

altmetric score

  • 3.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., ... STAR Collaboration.

citation count

  • 220

complete list of authors

  • Adamczyk, L||Adkins, JK||Agakishiev, G||Aggarwal, MM||Ahammed, Z||Alekseev, I||Alford, J||Anson, CD||Aparin, A||Arkhipkin, D||Aschenauer, EC||Averichev, GS||Balewski, J||Banerjee, A||Barnovska, Z||Beavis, DR||Bellwied, R||Bhasin, A||Bhati, AK||Bhattarai, P||Bichsel, H||Bielcik, J||Bielcikova, J||Bland, LC||Bordyuzhin, IG||Borowski, W||Bouchet, J||Brandin, AV||Brovko, SG||Bültmann, S||Bunzarov, I||Burton, TP||Butterworth, J||Caines, H||Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M||Cebra, D||Cendejas, R||Cervantes, MC||Chaloupka, P||Chang, Z||Chattopadhyay, S||Chen, HF||Chen, JH||Chen, L||Cheng, J||Cherney, M||Chikanian, A||Christie, W||Chwastowski, J||Codrington, MJM||Corliss, R||Cramer, JG||Crawford, HJ||Cui, X||Das, S||Davila Leyva, A||De Silva, LC||Debbe, RR||Dedovich, TG||Deng, J||Derevschikov, AA||Derradi de Souza, R||Dhamija, S||di Ruzza, B||Didenko, L||Dilks, C||Ding, F||Djawotho, P||Dong, X||Drachenberg, JL||Draper, JE||Du, CM||Dunkelberger, LE||Dunlop, JC||Efimov, LG||Engelage, J||Engle, KS||Eppley, G||Eun, L||Evdokimov, O||Fatemi, R||Fazio, S||Fedorisin, J||Filip, P||Finch, E||Fisyak, Y||Flores, CE||Gagliardi, CA||Gangadharan, DR||Garand, D||Geurts, F||Gibson, A||Girard, M||Gliske, S||Grosnick, D||Guo, Y||Gupta, A||Gupta, S||Guryn, W||Haag, B||Hajkova, O||Hamed, A||Han, L-X||Haque, R||Harris, JW||Hays-Wehle, JP||Heppelmann, S||Hirsch, A||Hoffmann, GW||Hofman, DJ||Horvat, S||Huang, B||Huang, HZ||Huck, P||Humanic, TJ||Igo, G||Jacobs, WW||Jang, H||Judd, EG||Kabana, S||Kalinkin, D||Kang, K||Kauder, K||Ke, HW||Keane, D||Kechechyan, A||Kesich, A||Khan, ZH||Kikola, DP||Kisel, I||Kisiel, A||Koetke, DD||Kollegger, T||Konzer, J||Koralt, I||Korsch, W||Kotchenda, L||Kravtsov, P||Krueger, K||Kulakov, I||Kumar, L||Kycia, RA||Lamont, MAC||Landgraf, JM||Landry, KD||Lauret, J||Lebedev, A||Lednicky, R||Lee, JH||Leight, W||LeVine, MJ||Li, C||Li, W||Li, X||Li, X||Li, Y||Li, ZM||Lima, LM||Lisa, MA||Liu, F||Ljubicic, T||Llope, WJ||Longacre, RS||Luo, X||Ma, GL||Ma, YG||Madagodagettige Don, DMMD||Mahapatra, DP||Majka, R||Margetis, S||Markert, C||Masui, H||Matis, HS||McDonald, D||McShane, TS||Minaev, NG||Mioduszewski, S||Mohanty, B||Mondal, MM||Morozov, DA||Munhoz, MG||Mustafa, MK||Nandi, BK||Nasim, Md||Nayak, TK||Nelson, JM||Nogach, LV||Noh, SY||Novak, J||Nurushev, SB||Odyniec, G||Ogawa, A||Oh, K||Ohlson, A||Okorokov, V||Oldag, EW||Oliveira, RAN||Pachr, M||Page, BS||Pal, SK||Pan, YX||Pandit, Y||Panebratsev, Y||Pawlak, T||Pawlik, B||Pei, H||Perkins, C||Peryt, W||Peterson, A||Pile, P||Planinic, M||Pluta, J||Plyku, D||Poljak, N||Porter, J||Poskanzer, AM||Pruthi, NK||Przybycien, M||Pujahari, PR||Qiu, H||Quintero, A||Ramachandran, S||Raniwala, R||Raniwala, S||Ray, RL||Riley, CK||Ritter, HG||Roberts, JB||Rogachevskiy, OV||Romero, JL||Ross, JF||Roy, A||Ruan, L||Rusnak, J||Sahoo, NR||Sahu, PK||Sakrejda, I||Salur, S||Sandacz, A||Sandweiss, J||Sangaline, E||Sarkar, A||Schambach, J||Scharenberg, RP||Schmah, AM||Schmidke, WB||Schmitz, N||Seger, J||Seyboth, P||Shah, N||Shahaliev, E||Shanmuganathan, PV||Shao, M||Sharma, B||Shen, WQ||Shi, SS||Shou, QY||Sichtermann, EP||Singaraju, RN||Skoby, MJ||Smirnov, D||Smirnov, N||Solanki, D||Sorensen, P||deSouza, UG||Spinka, HM||Srivastava, B||Stanislaus, TDS||Stevens, JR||Stock, R||Strikhanov, M||Stringfellow, B||Suaide, AAP||Sumbera, M||Sun, X||Sun, XM||Sun, Y||Sun, Z||Surrow, B||Svirida, DN||Symons, TJM||Szanto de Toledo, A||Takahashi, J||Tang, AH||Tang, Z||Tarnowsky, T||Thomas, JH||Timmins, AR||Tlusty, D||Tokarev, M||Trentalange, S||Tribble, RE||Tribedy, P||Trzeciak, BA||Tsai, OD||Turnau, J||Ullrich, T||Underwood, DG||Van Buren, G||van Nieuwenhuizen, G||Vanfossen, JA||Varma, R||Vasconcelos, GMS||Vasiliev, AN||Vertesi, R||Videbæk, F||Viyogi, YP||Vokal, S||Vossen, A||Wada, M||Walker, M||Wang, F||Wang, G||Wang, H||Wang, JS||Wang, XL||Wang, Y||Wang, Y||Webb, G||Webb, JC||Westfall, GD||Wieman, H||Wissink, SW||Witt, R||Wu, YF||Xiao, Z||Xie, W||Xin, K||Xu, H||Xu, N||Xu, QH||Xu, Y||Xu, Z||Yan, W||Yang, C||Yang, Y||Yang, Y||Ye, Z||Yepes, P||Yi, L||Yip, K||Yoo, I-K||Zawisza, Y||Zbroszczyk, H||Zha, W||Zhang, JB||Zhang, S||Zhang, XP||Zhang, Y||Zhang, ZP||Zhao, F||Zhao, J||Zhong, C||Zhu, X||Zhu, YH||Zoulkarneeva, Y||Zyzak, M

publication date

  • August 2014