Recent advances in production and extraction of bacterial lipids for biofuel production. Academic Article uri icon


  • Lipid-based biofuel is a clean and renewable energy that has been recognized as a promising replacement for petroleum-based fuels. Lipid-based biofuel can be made from three different types of intracellular biolipids; triacylglycerols (TAGs), wax esters (WEs), and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB). Among many lipid-producing prokaryotes and eukaryotes, biolipids from prokaryotes have been recently highlighted due to simple cultivation of lipid-producing prokaryotes and their ability to accumulate high biolipid contents. However, the cost of lipid-based biofuel production remains high, in part, because of high cost of lipid extraction processes. This review summarizes the production mechanisms of these different types of biolipids from prokaryotes and extraction methods for these biolipids. Traditional and improved physical/chemical approaches for biolipid extraction remain costly, and these methods are summarized and compared in this review. Recent advances in biological lipid extraction including phage-based cell lysis or secretion of biolipids are also discussed. These new techniques are promising for bacterial biolipids extraction. Challenges and future research needs for cost-effective lipid extraction are identified in this review.

published proceedings

  • Sci Total Environ

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Hwangbo, M., & Chu, K.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Hwangbo, Myung||Chu, Kung-Hui

publication date

  • January 2020