The thick market effect on local unemployment rate fluctuations Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper studies how the thick market effect influences local unemployment rate fluctuations. The paper presents a model to demonstrate that the average matching quality improves as the number of workers and firms increases. Unemployed workers accumulate in a city until the local labor market reaches a critical minimum size, which leads to cyclical fluctuations in the local unemployment rate. Since larger cities attain the critical market size more frequently, they have shorter unemployment cycles, lower peak unemployment rates and lower mean unemployment rates. Our empirical tests are consistent with the predictions of the model. In particular, we find that an increase of two standard deviations in city size shortens the unemployment cycles by about 0.72 months, lowers the peak unemployment rate by 0.33 percentage points, and lowers the mean unemployment rate by 0.16 percentage points. 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Econometrics

author list (cited authors)

  • Gan, L. i., & Zhang, Q.

citation count

  • 30

complete list of authors

  • Gan, Li||Zhang, Qinghua

publication date

  • January 2006