Effects of Sequential Participation in Evidence-Based Health and Wellness Programs Among Older Adults. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence suggests participation in evidence-based programs by older adults is effective, yet most studies focus on participation in a single evidence-based program, leaving repeated participation insufficiently understood. We aimed to compare participation in multiple evidence-based programs (repeaters) versus a single evidence-based program (nonrepeaters). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary data analysis was conducted on pre-post longitudinal data targeting older adults participating in evidence-based program(s) in Texas (2013-2016). Surveys included sociodemographic and health-related indicators (e.g., self-rated health, health behaviors, and falls-risks). Mixed-effects models examined pre-post changes in health-related indicators. RESULTS: Of the 734 study-eligible participants, 145 (20%) participated in two or more evidence-based programs. The participants' average age was 74 years, and the majority was female (80%), non-Hispanic White (79%), or lived in urban or large rural cities/towns (79%). At baseline, repeaters reported less depressive symptomology (p = .049), fewer chronic conditions (p = .048), and less concern of falling (p = .030) than nonrepeaters. Repeaters had better workshop attendance and completion rates (p < .001). Compared to nonrepeaters, repeaters showed significantly-better improvements in communication with physicians (p = .013). DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Study findings suggest potential benefits of participation in multiple evidence-based program workshops, but repeaters may have different health profiles than nonrepeaters in natural settings. Future evaluations should consider participants' past participations in evidence-based programs. Further research is needed to build more comprehensive evidence about the incremental benefits of participation in multiple evidence-based programs.

published proceedings

  • Innov Aging

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, S., Smith, M. L., Towne, S. D., & Ory, M. G.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Shinduk||Smith, Matthew Lee||Towne, Samuel D||Ory, Marcia G

publication date

  • June 2018