Segmental Variations in the Peel Characteristics of the Porcine Thoracic Aorta.
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Aortic dissection occurs predominantly in the thoracic aorta and the mechanisms for the initiation and propagation of the tear in aortic dissection are not well understood. We study the tearing characteristics of the porcine thoracic aorta using a peeling test and we estimate the peeling energy per unit area in the ascending and the descending segments. The stretch and the peel force per unit width undergone by the peeled halves of a rectangular specimen are measured. We find that there can be significant variation in the stretch within the specimen and the stretch between the markers in the specimen varies with the dynamics of peeling. We found that in our experiment the stretch achieved in the peeled halves was such that it was in the range of the stretch at which the stress-stretch curve for the uniaxial experiment starts deviating from linearity. Higher peeling energy per unit area is required in the ascending aorta compared to the descending aorta. Longitudinal specimens required higher peeling energy per unit area when compared to the circumferential specimens.