Stellar mass as a galaxy cluster mass proxy: application to the Dark Energy Survey redMaPPer clusters Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract We introduce a galaxy cluster mass observable, μ⋆, based on the stellar masses of cluster members, and we present results for the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) observations. Stellar masses are computed using a Bayesian model averaging method, and are validated for DES data using simulations and COSMOS data. We show that μ⋆ works as a promising mass proxy by comparing our predictions to X-ray measurements. We measure the X-ray temperature–μ⋆ relation for a total of 129 clusters matched between the wide-field DES Y1 redMaPPer catalogue and Chandra and XMM archival observations, spanning the redshift range 0.1 > $z$ > 0.7. For a scaling relation that is linear in logarithmic space, we find a slope of α = 0.488 ± 0.043 and a scatter in the X-ray temperature at fixed μ⋆ of $sigma _{{
    m ln} T_mathrm{ X}|mu _star }= 0.266^{+0.019}_{-0.020}$ for the joint sample. By using the halo mass scaling relations of the X-ray temperature from the Weighing the Giants program, we further derive the μ⋆-conditioned scatter in mass, finding $sigma _{{
    m ln} M|mu _star }= 0.26^{+ 0.15}_{- 0.10}$. These results are competitive with well-established cluster mass proxies used for cosmological analyses, showing that μ⋆ can be used as a reliable and physically motivated mass proxy to derive cosmological constraints.

altmetric score

  • 11.68

author list (cited authors)

  • Palmese, A., Annis, J., Burgad, J., Farahi, A., Soares-Santos, M., Welch, B., ... Collaboration, D.

citation count

  • 11

publication date

  • February 2020