Retrograde Instrumentation of Surgically Resected Roots Using Controlled Memory Files: A Human Cadaver Study.
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INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the amount of residual obturation material of retroinstrumented surgically resected roots using controlled memory files and to evaluate the incidence of adverse treatment outcomes. METHODS: Thirty maxillary anterior teeth in human cadavers were selected, and nonsurgical root canal treatment was performed on these teeth. A standardized 4-mm osteotomy and a 3-mm root resection with as close to 0 bevel as possible were made on each tooth. A microsurgical diamond tip was used to create a 1- to 2-mm starting point for each retropreparation. A 25/06 and 30/06 VTaper 2H were bent at about 90 angle to mimic the clinical and anatomic restrictions and used to create a retropreparation to a depth of 14 mm. Micro-computed tomography scans were taken and analyzed for volume and percentage of residual obturation material at 5 and 10 mm. In addition, the incidences of instrument separation and crack and ledge formation in the teeth were recorded. RESULTS: The median volume of residual obturation at 5 and 10 mm was 0.18mm3 (interquartile range, 0.36mm3) and 1.97mm3 (interquartile range, 1.99mm3), respectively. The overall incidence of file separation during retropreparation was 13.33% (4/30). Among the cases analyzed with micro-computed tomography, none showed crack or ledge formation. CONCLUSIONS: Retroinstrumentation of surgically resected roots using controlled memory files cleans the canal effectively with relatively low adverse treatment outcomes. Although this novel technique is limited in application, it is a safe and effective way to achieve a deep, clean retropreparation.