First cosmology results using type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: the effect of host galaxy properties on supernova luminosity Academic Article uri icon


  • ABSTRACT We present improved photometric measurements for the host galaxies of 206 spectroscopically confirmed type Ia supernovae discovered by the Dark Energy Survey Supernova Program (DES-SN) and used in the first DES-SN cosmological analysis. For the DES-SN sample, when considering a 5D (z, x1, c, , ) bias correction, we find evidence of a Hubble residual mass step, where SNe Ia in high-mass galaxies (<1010M) are intrinsically more luminous (after correction) than their low-mass counterparts by $gamma =0.040pm 0.019$ mag. This value is larger by 0.031mag than the value found in the first DES-SN cosmological analysis. This difference is due to a combination of updated photometric measurements and improved star formation histories and is not from host-galaxy misidentification. When using a 1D (redshift-only) bias correction the inferred mass step is larger, with $gamma =0.066pm 0.020$ mag. The 1D5D difference for DES-SN is $0.026pm 0.009$ mag. We show that this difference is due to a strong correlation between host galaxy stellar mass and the x1 component of the 5D distance-bias correction. Including an intrinsic correlation between the observed properties of SNe Ia, stretch and colour, and stellar mass in simulated SN Ia samples, we show that a 5D fit recovers with 9mmag bias compared to a +2mmag bias for a 1D fit. This difference can explain part of the discrepancy seen in the data. Improvements in modelling correlations between galaxy properties and SN is necessary to ensure unbiased precision estimates of the dark energy equation of state as we enter the era of LSST.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 7.83

author list (cited authors)

  • Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Wiseman, P., Kessler, R., Scolnic, D., Brout, D., ... Walker, A. R.

citation count

  • 52

complete list of authors

  • Smith, M||Sullivan, M||Wiseman, P||Kessler, R||Scolnic, D||Brout, D||D’Andrea, CB||Davis, TM||Foley, RJ||Frohmaier, C||Galbany, L||Gupta, RR||Gutiérrez, CP||Hinton, SR||Kelsey, L||Lidman, C||Macaulay, E||Möller, A||Nichol, RC||Nugent, P||Palmese, A||Pursiainen, M||Sako, M||Swann, E||Thomas, RC||Tucker, BE||Vincenzi, M||Carollo, D||Lewis, GF||Sommer, NE||Abbott, TMC||Aguena, M||Allam, S||Avila, S||Bertin, E||Bhargava, S||Brooks, D||Buckley-Geer, E||Burke, DL||Carnero Rosell, A||Carrasco Kind, M||Costanzi, M||da Costa, LN||De Vicente, J||Desai, S||Diehl, HT||Doel, P||Eifler, TF||Everett, S||Flaugher, B||Fosalba, P||Frieman, J||García-Bellido, J||Gaztanaga, E||Glazebrook, K||Gruen, D||Gruendl, RA||Gschwend, J||Gutierrez, G||Hartley, WG||Hollowood, DL||Honscheid, K||James, DJ||Krause, E||Kuehn, K||Kuropatkin, N||Lima, M||MacCrann, N||Maia, MAG||Marshall, JL||Martini, P||Melchior, P||Menanteau, F||Miquel, R||Paz-Chinchón, F||Plazas, AA||Romer, AK||Roodman, A||Rykoff, ES||Sanchez, E||Scarpine, V||Schubnell, M||Serrano, S||Sevilla-Noarbe, I||Suchyta, E||Swanson, MEC||Tarle, G||Thomas, D||Tucker, DL||Varga, TN||Walker, AR

publication date

  • April 2020