Ionic Liquid-Containing Pickering Emulsions Stabilized by Graphene Oxide-Based Surfactants.
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Emulsions stabilized by particles (i.e., Pickering emulsions) are complementary to those stabilized by small molecules or polymers and most commonly consist of oil droplets dispersed in a continuous water phase, with particles assembled at the fluid-fluid interface. New particle surfactants and different fluid-fluid interfaces are critical for developing next-generation systems for a number of advanced applications. Herein we report the preparation of IL-containing emulsions stabilized by graphene oxide (GO)-based nanoparticles using the IL [Bmim][PF6]: GO nanosheets stabilize IL-in-water emulsions, and alkylated GO nanosheets (C18-GO) stabilize IL-in-oil emulsions. The impact of particle concentration, fluid-fluid ratio, and addition of acid or base on emulsion formation and stability is studied, with distinct effects for the water and oil systems observed. We then illustrate the broad applicability of GO-based particle surfactants by preparing emulsions with different ILs and preparing inverted emulsions (water-in-IL and oil-in-IL emulsions). The latter systems were accessed by tuning the polarity of GO nanosheets by functionalization with a perfluorinated alkyl chain such that they were dispersible in IL. This work provides insight into the preparation of different IL-containing emulsions and lays a foundation for the architecture of dissimilar materials into composite systems.
author list (cited authors)
Luo, Q., Wang, Y., Yoo, E., Wei, P., & Pentzer, E.
complete list of authors
Luo, Qinmo||Wang, Yifei||Yoo, Esther||Wei, Peiran||Pentzer, Emily