Distribution and sequence analysis of the centromere-associated repetitive element CEN38 of Sorghum bicolor (Poaceae).
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Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of a large-insert genomic clone, BAC 22B2, previously suggested that Sorghum bicolor (2n = 20) has the tetraploid architecture A(b)A(b)B(b)B(b). Here, we report on BAC 22B2 subclone pCEN38 (1047-bp insert) as related to sorghum and sugarcane. Mitotic FISH of six different subclones of BAC 22B2 showed that pCEN38 produced the strongest specificity to the A(b) subgenome and signal occurred primarily near centromeres. Southern blots of pCEN38 to 21 crop plants revealed a narrow taxonomic distribution. Meiotic metaphase I FISH positioned pCEN38 sequences near active centromeres. Pachytene FISH revealed that the distributions are trimodal in several B(b) and possibly all sorghum chromosomes. DNA sequencing revealed that the pCEN38 fragment contains three tandemly repeated dimers (<280 bp) of the same sequence family found in sorghum clone pSau3A10, and that each dimer consists of two divergent monomers (<140 bp). Sequence comparisons revealed homology between the pCEN38 monomers and the SCEN 140 bp tandem repeat family of sugarcane. FISH of pCEN38 yielded signal in centromere regions of most but not all sugarcane chromosomes. Results suggest that sugarcane and sorghum share at least one ancestor harboring elements similar to pCEN38 and SCEN and that each species had an ancestor in which the repetitive element was weakly present or lacking.
author list (cited authors)
Zwick, M. S., Islam-Faridi, M. N., Zhang, H. B., Hodnett, G. L., Gomez, M. I., Kim, J. S., Price, H. J., & Stelly, D. M.
complete list of authors
Zwick, MS||Islam-Faridi, MN||Zhang, HB||Hodnett, GL||Gomez, MI||Kim, JS||Price, HJ||Stelly, DM