Hydrodefluorination and other hydrodehalogenation of aliphatic carbon-halogen bonds using silylium catalysis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Trialkylsilylium cation equivalents partnered with halogenated carborane anions (such as Et(3)Si[HCB(11)H(5)Cl(6)]) function as efficient and long-lived catalysts for hydrodehalogenation of C-F, C-Cl, and C-Br bonds with trialkylsilanes as stoichiometric reagents. Only C(sp(3))-halogen bonds undergo this reaction. The range of C-F bond-containing substrates that participate in this reaction is quite broad and includes simple alkyl fluorides, benzotrifluorides, and compounds with perfluoroalkyl groups attached to an aliphatic chain. However, CF(4) has proven immune to this reaction. Hydrodechlorination was carried out with a series of alkyl chlorides and benzotrichlorides, and hydrodebromination was studied only with primary alkyl bromide substrates. Competitive experiments established a pronounced kinetic preference of the catalytic system for activation of a carbon-halogen bond of a lighter halide in primary alkyl halides. On the contrary, hydrodechlorination of C(6)F(5)CCl(3) proceeded much faster than hydrodefluorination of C(6)F(5)CF(3) in one-pot experiments. A solid-state structure of Et(3)Si[HCB(11)H(5)Cl(6)] was determined by X-ray diffraction methods.

author list (cited authors)

  • Douvris, C., Nagaraja, C. M., Chen, C., Foxman, B. M., & Ozerov, O. V

complete list of authors

  • Douvris, Christos||Nagaraja, CM||Chen, Chun-Hsing||Foxman, Bruce M||Ozerov, Oleg V

publication date

  • January 1, 2010 11:11 AM