Experimental determination of the symmetry energy of a low density nuclear gas Academic Article uri icon


  • Experimental analyses of moderate-temperature nuclear gases produced in the violent collisions of 35 MeV/nucleon Zn64 projectiles with Mo92 and Au197 target nuclei reveal a large degree of particle clustering at low densities. For these gases, temperature- and density-dependent symmetry energy coefficients have been derived from isoscaling analyses of the yields of nuclei with A 4. At densities of 0.01 to 0.05 times the ground-state density of symmetric nuclear matter, the temperature- and density-dependent symmetry energies range from 9.03 to 13.6 MeV. This is much larger than those obtained in mean-field calculations and reflects the clusterization of low-density nuclear matter. The results are in quite reasonable agreement with calculated values obtained with a recently proposed virial equation of state calculation. 2007 The American Physical Society.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kowalski, S., Natowitz, J. B., Shlomo, S., Wada, R., Hagel, K., Wang, J., ... Ono, A.

citation count

  • 108

complete list of authors

  • Kowalski, S||Natowitz, JB||Shlomo, S||Wada, R||Hagel, K||Wang, J||Materna, T||Chen, Z||Ma, YG||Qin, L||Botvina, AS||Fabris, D||Lunardon, M||Moretto, S||Nebbia, G||Pesente, S||Rizzi, V||Viesti, G||Cinausero, M||Prete, G||Keutgen, T||El Masri, Y||Majka, Z||Ono, A

publication date

  • January 2007