Linear Tricobalt Compounds with Di(2-pyridyl)amide (dpa) Ligands: Temperature Dependence of the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Forms of Co3(dpa)4Cl2 in the Solid State Academic Article uri icon


  • The linear trinuclear compound Co3(dpa)4Cl2 (1; dpa = di(2-pyridyl)amide anion) crystallizes from CH22Cl2 solution in two forms simultaneously, namely, an orthorhombic form 1·CH2Cl2 and a tetragonal form 1·2CH2Cl2. The three linearly arranged cobalt atoms in 1 are supported by four dpa ligands in a spiral configuration. The chain of cobalt atoms is symmetrical in 1·CH2Cl2, but unsymmetrical in 1·2CH2Cl2. Both crystal structures have been studied at various temperatures. A reversible second-order phase transition (165 K) from orthorhombic (Pnn2) to monoclinic (Pn) symmetry for the crystal of 1·CH2Cl2 has been documented by X-ray studies at 296, 168, and 109 K as well as a neutron diffraction study at 20 K. The linear tricobalt unit in 1·CH2Cl2 becomes slightly unsymmetrical at low temperature although the two Co-Co bonds remain statistically equivalent (Co-Co ≃ 2.32 Å) throughout the experimental temperature range. No phase transition was observed for the tetragonal form 1·2CH2Cl2 at low temperature, but the Co-Co distances in 1 changed from 2.299(1) and 2.471(1) Å at 298 K to 2.3035(7) and 2.3847(8) Å at 20 K. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that the two compounds are in an S = 1/2 ground state at low temperature and exhibit gradual spin- crossover at higher temperature.

author list (cited authors)

  • Clérac, R., Cotton, F. A., Daniels, L. M., Dunbar, K. R., Kirschbaum, K., Murillo, C. A., ... Wang, X.

citation count

  • 130

complete list of authors

  • Clérac, Rodolphe||Cotton, F Albert||Daniels, Lee M||Dunbar, Kim R||Kirschbaum, Kristin||Murillo, Carlos A||Pinkerton, A Alan||Schultz, Arthur J||Wang, Xiaoping

publication date

  • June 2000