Muristerone A-induced nerve growth factor release from genetically engineered human dermal fibroblasts for peripheral nerve tissue engineering. Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, human dermal fibroblasts (hDFBs) were genetically modified to release human nerve growth factor (NGF) using an ecdysone-inducible system. NGF cDNA was inserted into the pIND vector and then hDFBs were cotransfected with pIND-NGF and pVgRXR. Muristerone A, an analog of ecdysone, was used as the inducing agent. NGF release from transfected hDFBs was assessed in vitro and in vivo. Transfected hDFBs in the presence of Muristerone A possessed a maximal in vitro release of 8.5 +/- 0.4 pg of NGF/mL per 10(3) cells, demonstrating significantly higher NGF levels compared to control hDFBs. The in vitro release rate curve for transfected hDFBs in the presence of Muristerone A exhibited a maximum of 5.1 +/- 0.2 ng NGF/10(6) cells/day. A PC-12 bioassay demonstrated that the in vitro NGF released is bioactive. When transfected hDFBs in the presence of Muristerone A were placed in vivo in nude rats, NGF levels reach 2074 +/- 257 pg/mL and 1620 +/- 132 pg/mL at 24 and 48 h, respectively. These levels were significantly higher than negative control and wound fluid levels. Results support further in vivo investigation of this molecular "on" switch for peripheral nerve regeneration.

published proceedings

  • Tissue Eng

author list (cited authors)

  • Patrick, C. W., Zheng, B., Wu, X., Gurtner, G., Barlow, M., Koutz, C., ... Evans, G. R.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Patrick, CW||Zheng, B||Wu, X||Gurtner, G||Barlow, M||Koutz, C||Chang, D||Schmidt, M||Evans, GR

publication date

  • June 2001