Symmetry energy of dilute warm nuclear matter. Academic Article uri icon


  • The symmetry energy of nuclear matter is a fundamental ingredient in the investigation of exotic nuclei, heavy-ion collisions, and astrophysical phenomena. New data from heavy-ion collisions can be used to extract the free symmetry energy and the internal symmetry energy at subsaturation densities and temperatures below 10 MeV. Conventional theoretical calculations of the symmetry energy based on mean-field approaches fail to give the correct low-temperature, low-density limit that is governed by correlations, in particular, by the appearance of bound states. A recently developed quantum-statistical approach that takes the formation of clusters into account predicts symmetry energies that are in very good agreement with the experimental data. A consistent description of the symmetry energy is given that joins the correct low-density limit with quasiparticle approaches valid near the saturation density.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

author list (cited authors)

  • Natowitz, J. B., Rpke, G., Typel, S., Blaschke, D., Bonasera, A., Hagel, K., ... Wolter, H. H.

citation count

  • 140

complete list of authors

  • Natowitz, JB||Röpke, G||Typel, S||Blaschke, D||Bonasera, A||Hagel, K||Klähn, T||Kowalski, S||Qin, L||Shlomo, S||Wada, R||Wolter, HH

publication date

  • May 2010