Glassy Magnets Composed of Metals Coordinated to 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane: M(TCNQ)2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) Academic Article uri icon


  • The homologous series M(TCNQ)2 (M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), and Ni(II); TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) prepared from reactions of [M(CH3CN)6][BF4]2 and [n-Bu4N]-[BF4] in CH3CN has been carefully analyzed from the perspective of synthetic issues and physical characterization, including complete magnetic analyses by the tools of dc and ac magnetometry. The preparative method was optimized to definitively establish the reproducibility of the chemistry as judged by infrared spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, powder X-ray crystallography, and elemental analysis. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) studies results are also in accord with the conclusion that these materials are pure, isostructural phases. The dc magnetic measurements reveal a spontaneous magnetization for the four materials at low temperatures with a weak field coercivity of 20, 750, 190, and 270 G at 2 K for Mn(TCNQ)2, Fe(TCNQ)2, Co-(TCNQ)2, and Ni(TCNQ)2, respectively. At low temperatures, ac susceptibility measurements confirm the presence of a magnetic phase at 44, 28, 7, and 24 K for Mn(TCNQ)2, Fe(TCNQ)2, Co(TCNQ)2, and Ni(TCNQ)2, respectively, but do not support the description of this system as a typical magnet. In the absence of the ac magnetic data, the behavior is indicative of ferri- or ferromagnetic ordering (depending on the metal), but in fact a complete investigation of their physical properties revealed their true nature to be a glassy magnet. The glassiness, which is a high magnetic viscosity known to originate from randomness and frustration, is revealed by a frequency dependence of the ac susceptibility data and is further supported by a lack of a lambda peak in the heat capacity data. These results clearly demonstrate that molecule-based materials with a presumed magnetic ordering may not always be exhibiting truly cooperative behavior.

published proceedings

  • Chemistry of Materials

author list (cited authors)

  • Clrac, R., O'Kane, S., Cowen, J., Ouyang, X., Heintz, R., Zhao, H., Bazile,, M. J., & Dunbar, K. R.

citation count

  • 127

complete list of authors

  • ClĂ©rac, Rodolphe||O'Kane, Shannon||Cowen, Jerry||Ouyang, Xiang||Heintz, Robert||Zhao, Hanhua||Bazile,, Mervin J||Dunbar, Kim R

publication date

  • May 2003