Responsive porphyrinoid nanoparticles: development and applications
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The economy of space and materials and the continuously increasing demand for advanced functionalities for diverse technologies requires the development of new synthetic methods. Many nanomaterials have enhanced photophysical and photochemical properties in solutions and/or on surfaces, while others have enhanced chemical properties, compared to the atomic, molecular, or bulk phases. Nanomaterials have a wide range of applications in catalysis, sensors, photonic devices, drug delivery, and as therapeutics for treatment of a variety of diseases. Inorganic nanoparticles are widely studied, but the formation of organic nanomaterials via supramolecular chemistry is more recent, and porphyrinoids are at the forefront of this research because of their optical, chemical, and structural properties. The formation of nanoscaled materials via self-assembly and/or self-organization of molecular subunits is an attractive approach because of reduced energy requirements, simpler molecular subunits, and the material can be adaptive to environmental changes. The presence of biocompatible groups such as peptides, carbohydrates, polyglycols and mixtures of these on the periphery of the porphyrin macrocycle may make nanoparticles suitable for therapeutics. This perspective focuses on responsive, non-crystalline porphyrinoid nanomaterials that are less than about 100 nm in all dimensions and used for catalytic or therapeutic applications. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company.
author list (cited authors)
Aggarwal, A., Qureshy, M., Johnson, J., Batteas, J. D., Drain, C. M., & Samaroo, D.