Proapoptotic Effects of Dietary (n-3) Fatty Acids Are Enhanced in Colonocytes of Manganese-Dependent Superoxide Dismutase Knockout Mice
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We recently demonstrated that (n-3) PUFA trigger the induction of apoptosis in the colon by enhancing phospholipid oxidation and mitochondrial Ca2+ accumulation. To further elucidate the mechanisms regulating oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in vivo, a 2 x 2 experiment was designed using both wild type (control) and manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD2) heterozygous knockout mice (SOD2(+/-)), which exhibit increased mitochondrial oxidative stress. Mice were fed diets differing only in the type of fat [corn oil or fish oil containing (n-3) PUFA] at 15% by weight for 4 wk. Dietary (n-3) PUFA treatment enhanced (22%) apoptosis in colonic crypts. In addition, SOD2 haploinsufficiency enhanced (20%) apoptosis, which was further increased (36%) by (n-3) PUFA feeding. Dietary lipid source and genotype interactively modulated nitrotyrosine levels (P = 0.027) and inflammation (P = 0.032). These findings demonstrate that the proapoptotic effects of (n-3) PUFA are enhanced in oxidatively stressed SOD2(+/-) mice. Thus, (n-3) PUFA appear to promote an oxidation-reduction imbalance in the intestine, which may directly or indirectly trigger apoptosis and thereby reduce colon cancer risk.
author list (cited authors)
Fan, Y., Zhan, Y., Aukema, H. M., Davidson, L. A., Zhou, L., Callaway, E., ... Chapkin, R. S.