Dietary fish oil inhibits antigen-specific murine Th1 cell development by suppression of clonal expansion. Academic Article uri icon


  • To determine the mechanisms by which dietary fish oil (FO) affects antigen-stimulated Th1 cell development, DO11.10 Rag 2(-/-) T cell receptor transgenic mice were fed a control diet (5% corn oil (CO) or a FO diet (1% CO + 4% FO, (n-3) PUFA) for 2 wk. CD4(+) T cells were cultured under neutral or Th1 polarizing conditions. FO feeding suppressed (P < 0.05) ovalbumin peptide-induced proliferation of nonpolarized CD4(+) T cells. Differentiation in vitro to Th1 cells was not affected by dietary FO, as evidenced by similar percentages of KJ1-26(+), IFN-gamma(+), IL-4(-) Th1 cells in cultures from CO-fed (99%) and FO-fed (97%) mice. However, the absolute number of viable Th1 cells in polarized cultures from FO-fed mice was less than half that observed in CO-fed mice (P < 0.05), indicating that FO inhibits in vitro Th1 clonal expansion. The reduced number of Th1 cells in FO cultures was not a result of increased apoptosis, because similar percentages of apoptotic Th1 cells were observed in cultures from FO- and CO-fed mice. IL-2-induced cell proliferation was significantly decreased in polarized Th1 cells from the FO group; however, the suppressed proliferation was not linked to reduced CD25 surface expression on antigen-stimulated CD4(+) T cells. Adoptively transferred CFSE-labeled DO11.10 CD4(+) cells into immunized mice (Th1 polarizing agents) showed that dietary FO reduced (P < 0.05) the number of cell divisions in vivo. These studies suggest that the attenuated inflammatory response which accompanies FO feeding may be explained, at least in part, by suppression of Th1 clonal expansion.

published proceedings

  • J Nutr

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, P., Kim, W., Zhou, L., Wang, N., Ly, L. H., McMurray, D. N., & Chapkin, R. S.

citation count

  • 62

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Ping||Kim, Wooki||Zhou, Lan||Wang, Naisyin||Ly, Lan H||McMurray, David N||Chapkin, Robert S

publication date

  • September 2006