Ten irrigated or dryland chickpea field trials in the Nebraska Panhandle over the three year period (2005-2007) assessed parental genotypes and cultivars for disease resistance to Ascochyta blight caused by Aschochyta rabiei. The most promising genotypes for all aspects of disease resistance were the breeding lines PI 17256 and CA0090B347C. PI 17256 had significantly better disease ratings in two of the four dryland trials and five of the six irrigated trials compared to the three standard commercial cultivars (Dylan, Dwelley, and Sierra). Overall, breeding line CA0090B347C was intermediate between PI 17256 and the other entries in terms of disease resistance, with similar ratings to PI 17256 but better than the commercial cultivars in two of the four dryland trials and two of the six irrigated trials. PI 17256 produced the highest yields in three trials, while CA0090347C produced significantly higher yields than the commercial cultivars in three other trials. These two lines should be useful as germplasm sources for ongoing breeding efforts to develop new, adapted blight-tolerant cultivars for Nebraska.
Accepted for publication 11 May 2009. Published 20 July 2009.