Protocol for direct counterfactual quantum communication. Academic Article uri icon


  • It has long been assumed in physics that for information to travel between two parties in empty space, "Alice" and "Bob," physical particles have to travel between them. Here, using the "chained" quantum Zeno effect, we show how, in the ideal asymptotic limit, information can be transferred between Alice and Bob without any physical particles traveling between them.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

altmetric score

  • 65.16

author list (cited authors)

  • Salih, H., Li, Z., Al-Amri, M., & Zubairy, M. S.

citation count

  • 136

complete list of authors

  • Salih, Hatim||Li, Zheng-Hong||Al-Amri, M||Zubairy, M Suhail

publication date

  • April 2013