Aryloxide and Alkoxide Derivatives of Metal Clusters. Syntheses, Structures, and Reactivities of the .mu.-Oxo-Bridged Triruthenium Clusters Ru3(CO)8(.mu.-.eta.2-OC6H4Cl)2 and Ru3(CO)8(.mu.-.eta.2-OCH2C5H4N)2 Academic Article uri icon


  • The halide-stabilized phenol derivatives of triruthenium carbonyl Ru3(CO)8(μ-η2-OC6H4X)2 (X = F, Cl, Br) have been synthesized via the reaction of Ru3(CO)12 with the corresponding phenol (o-XC6H4OH) and anhydrous Me3-NO. The complex where X = Cl (1) has been characterized both in solution by FTIR and 1H/13C NMR spectroscopies and in the solid-state by X-ray crystallography. The o-OC6H4Cl- ligands serve as five-electron donor groups which bridge an edge of the triruthenium framework, with the bridged Ru⋯Ru separation being significantly longer (3.042(1) Å) than the other two Ru-Ru bond distances, which average 2.738[1] Å. The coordination spheres of the ruthenium centers, which are μ-oxygen atom bridged, are completed by interactions with the chloride substituents on the phenol ligands. The unique ruthenium atom has a Ru(CO)4 structure similar to that of the parent dodecacarbonyl cluster. Complex 1 is shown to reversibly react with carbon monoxide to disrupt the Ru⋯Cl interaction to afford unstable Ru3(CO)8+n(μ-OC6H4Cl)2 (n= 1,2) species. Similarly, complex 1 reacts sequentially with a variety of donor ligands (L) to provide more stable Ru3(CO)8L2(μ-OC6H4X)2 derivatives. A stable prototype of one such complex, Ru3(CO)8(μ-η2-OCH2C5H4N2) (12), was prepared from Ru3(CO)12 and pyridinecarbinol in the presence of anhydrous Me3NO. This derivative was characterized in the solid state by X-ray crystallography. It was shown to possess two ruthenium metal centers (nonbonded at 3.024(1) Å) bridged by two alkoxide μ-O atoms, with each pyridine substituent further being bonded to a ruthenium atom. The bonded Ru-Ru distances in the triangular cluster averaged 2.783[1] Å. Crystal data for 1: orthorhombic space group Pbca, a = 18.676(4) Å, b = 9.106(2) Å, c = 28.496(6) Å, Z = 8, R = 5.07%. Crystal data for 12: space group P21/c, a = 12.305(3) Å, b = 10.331(2) Å, c = 18.489(4) Å, β = 90.67(2)°, Z = 4, R = 3.08%. © 1994, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Darensbourg, D. J., Fontal, B., Chojnacki, S. S., Klausmeyer, K. K., & Reibenspies, J. H.

citation count

  • 13

publication date

  • August 1994