Steric contributions to the solid-state structures of bis(phosphine) derivatives of molybdenum carbonyl. X-ray structural studies of cis-Mo(CO)4[PPh3-nMen]2 (n = 0, 1, 2) Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The crystal and molecular structures of three cis-Mo(CO)4(PR3)2 compounds—PR3 = PMe2Ph (1), PR3 = MePh2 (2), and PPh3 = PR3 (3)—have been determined to provide data for assessing the influence of steric effects on the stability and reactivity of such molecules. In the order 1, 2, 3, the following changes occur: ∠P-Mo-P = 94.78 (5), 92.52 (5), 104.62 (7)°; r(Mo-P) = 2.529 (3), 2.555 (5), 2.577 (2) Å. The irregularity in the angle changes is probably due to the rotational orientations of the ligands in 1 and 2 and may be characteristic of the solid state only. Crystallographic data are as follows. 1: P212121 with a = 8.203 (1) Å, b = 9.795 (1) Å, c = 27.604 (4) Å, V = 2217 (1) Å3, Z = 4. 2: Pc with a = 9.648 (2) Å, b = 10.670 (3) Å, c = 14.065 (1) Å, β = 98.22 (1)° V = 1433 (1) Å3, Z = 2. 3: [formula omitted] with a = 11.522 (1) Å, b = 16.909 (3) Å, c = 9.633 (2) Å, β = 98.05 (2)°, β = 110.29 (1)°, γ = 99.95 (1)°, V = 1693 (1) Å3, Z = 2. The steric and electronic factors that may affect the molecular structures are discussed, and it is shown that steric factors play a key role (affecting also the chemical reactivity) but not in a quantitatively predictable way. © 1982, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Cotton, F. A., Darensbourg, D. J., Klein, S., & Kolthammer, B.

citation count

  • 37

publication date

  • January 1982