Diamond‐Shaped Heterometallic Complexes of Iron(II) and Copper(I) Bridged by Cyanide Groups Containing Monodentate or Bidentate Phosphanes Bound to Copper(I), Including an Alternative Structure Based on the Nature of the Bidentate Phosphane Ligand Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The diamond-shaped heterometallic cyanide-bridged complex of iron(II) and copper(I), [CpFe(CO)(μ-CN)2Cu(CH3CN)2]2(1), has been synthesized from the reaction of K[CpFe(CO)(CN)2] and [Cu(CH3CN)4][BF4] in acetonitrile. Upon the addition of 2-4 equivalents of phosphane ligands to complex 1, the coordination geometry of the copper centers can be varied from trigonal planar as in [CpFe(CO)(μ-CN)2Cu(PCy3)]2(2), to tetrahedral as found in [CpFe(CO)(μ-CN)2Cu(PCy3)2]2(3). Analogous derivatives containing other phosphane ligands, namely PMe3, P(p-to-lyl)3, PMe2Ph, and PPh2Me have been synthesized as well. Prolonged exposure of complex 3 in CH2Cl2to excess PCy3has provided the bimetallic complex [CpFe(PCy3)(CN)(μ-CN)Cu(PCy3)2] (4), where the metal aggregate is disrupted and PCy3has displaced CO at the iron center. Bidentate phosphane analogs of complex 3 have been prepared by adding two equivalents of dcpe [bis(dicyclohexylphosphanyl)-ethane] or dcpp [bis(dicyclohexylphosphanyl)propane] to complex 1. The solid-state structures of several of these diamond-shaped derivatives, in addition to complex 4, have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The overlapping diamond-shaped [Fe2(CN)4Cu2] cores, which form channels within the solids, are blocked by bulky, copper-bound phosphane ligands such as PCy3. However, in the case of the small phosphane PMe3, or the chelating phosphanes dcpe and dcpp, these channels are not blocked by the phosphane ligands; solvent molecules occupy the channels created by the overlapping metal cores instead. Alternatively, the complex [CpFe(CO)(CN)(μ-CN)Cu(dcpm)]2(13), derived from bis(dicyclohexylphosphanyl)methane(dcpm), possesses two copper(I) centers, each in a distorted trigonal coordination geometry, bridged by two dcpm ligands to form an eight-membered metallacycle with a short CuI⋯CuIseparation of 2.844 Å. The third ligand completing each copper's coordination sphere is a nitrogen-bound bridging cyanide group from a CpFe(CO)(CN)2-anion. © Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2001.

author list (cited authors)

  • Darensbourg, D. J., Lee, W., Adams, M. J., & Yarbrough, J. C.

citation count

  • 12

publication date

  • September 2001

publisher