High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Thermal Oxidation of Single Crystalline Aluminum Nitride Academic Article uri icon


  • ABSTRACTThe impact of process conditions and crystal properties on the structure of thermal oxides formed on AlN were determined by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Oxidation for 2 hours at both 800 and 1000 C produced mostly amorphous oxide layers whereas oxidation for 4 and 6 hours at 1000 C produced partly crystalline and epitaxial oxide layers. The crystalline oxide was mostly single phase -Al2O3 except at the surface where it was a mixture of -Al2O3 and -Al2O3. The amorphous oxide layer first transformed to -Al2O3 and then to the stable -Al2O3 as evidenced by the non-uniform thickness of the oxide and the existence of the -Al2O3 at the surface. The AlN crystal contained a high density of defects at the interface at 800 C but it was nearly defect- and oxygen-free at 1000 C. This could be due to the rapid diffusion of the nitrogen and aluminum interstitials at high temperatures leading to a point defect equilibrium throughout the nitride. A faceted interface between Al2O3 and AlN could be attributed to non-uniform out diffusion of aluminum.

published proceedings

  • MRS Advances

author list (cited authors)

  • Chaudhuri, J., Lee, R. G., Nyakiti, L. O., Gu, Z., Edgar, J. H., & Li, P.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Chaudhuri, Jharna||Lee, Rac Gyu||Nyakiti, Luke Owuor||Gu, Zheng||Edgar, James H||Li, Peng

publication date

  • January 2006