An overview of techniques for immobilizing and viewing living cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • Microscopists making observations on living cells are often faced with the challenge of getting those cells to hold still for extended observation times. This paper presents an overview/summary of a range of techniques for non-destructive immobilization of living cells (with an emphasis on protozoa), permitting microscopic observations and photography. A variety of chemical and physical immobilization techniques are discussed, but particular attention is paid to a comparative discussion of the mechanical devices (rotocompressors or microcompressors) used for reversible trapping of living cells.

published proceedings

  • Micron

author list (cited authors)

  • Aufderheide, K. J.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Aufderheide, Karl J

publication date

  • February 2008

published in