Optimal error correction in topological subsystem codes Academic Article uri icon


  • A promising approach to overcome decoherence in quantum computing schemes is to perform active quantum error correction using topology. Topological subsystem codes incorporate both the benefits of topological and subsystem codes, allowing for error syndrome recovery with only 2-local measurements in a two-dimensional array of qubits. We study the error threshold for topological subsystem color codes under very general external noise conditions. By transforming the problem into a classical disordered spin model, we estimate using Monte Carlo simulations that topological subsystem codes have an optimal error tolerance of 5.5(2)%. This means there is ample space for improvement in existing error-correcting algorithms that typically find a threshold of approximately 2%. © 2012 American Physical Society.

altmetric score

  • 1.35

author list (cited authors)

  • Andrist, R. S., Bombin, H., Katzgraber, H. G., & Martin-Delgado, M. A.

citation count

  • 13

publication date

  • May 2012