Ramping fermions in optical lattices across a Feshbach resonance Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We study the properties of ultracold Fermi gases in a three-dimensional optical lattice when crossing a Feshbach resonance. By using a zero-temperature formalism, we show that three-body processes are enhanced in a lattice system in comparison to the continuum case. This poses one possible explanation for the short molecule lifetimes found when decreasing the magnetic field across a Feshbach resonance. Effects of finite temperatures on the molecule formation rates are also discussed by computing the fraction of double-occupied sites. Our results show that current experiments are performed at temperatures considerably higher than expected: lower temperatures are required for fermionic systems to be used to simulate quantum Hamiltonians. In addition, by relating the double occupancy of the lattice to the temperature, we provide a means for thermometry in fermionic lattice systems, previously not accessible experimentally. The effects of ramping a filled lowest band across a Feshbach resonance when increasing the magnetic field are also discussed: fermions are lifted into higher bands due to entanglement of Bloch states, in good agreement with recent experiments. © 2006 The American Physical Society.

author list (cited authors)

  • Katzgraber, H. G., Esposito, A., & Troyer, M.

citation count

  • 7

publication date

  • October 2006