Ceftaroline Fosamil for the Treatment of Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections in Obese Patients
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BACKGROUND: Ceftaroline fosamil is a broad-spectrum antibiotic approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. The Clinical Assessment Program and Teflaro Utilization Registry (CAPTURE) is a multicenter registry study of patients treated with ceftaroline fosamil in the United States for ABSSSI or community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical effectiveness of ceftaroline fosamil in the treatment of ABSSSI in obese patients [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30] compared with patients with a normal BMI (18.5 to ≤ 24.9). METHODS: Data were collected at US study centers by randomly ordered chart review. RESULTS: Data from 261 patients with a normal BMI and 690 patients with an obese BMI were collected. The percentage of males was higher in the normal BMI than in the obese category (58.2% and 49.0%, respectively). The mean and median ages at baseline were similar. Most patients (91%) were treated on a general hospital ward, and the mean and median lengths of stay were similar between the 2 groups (approximately 11 days and 7 days, respectively). A total of 73.2% of normal BMI patients and 77.5% of obese patients were discharged to home. Rates of diabetes mellitus were 26.4% in the normal BMI group and 55.1% in the obese group. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 26.1% of normal BMI patients and 20.5% of obese patients (16.4% morbidly obese subset). Mean treatment duration for all patients was 5.9 days. Of patients with a normal BMI, 57.5% received ceftaroline fosamil as monotherapy as did 63.3% of obese patients. Clinical success was high in both the normal BMI (85.1%) and the obese (89.0%) groups. CONCLUSION: Ceftaroline fosamil is an effective treatment option for obese patients with ABSSSI with a similar clinical success rate, mean and median length of stay, and discharge destination to home when compared with normal BMI patients.
author list (cited authors)
Evans, J. D., Udeani, G., Cole, P., & Friedland, H. D.