Pharmacokinetics of deguelin, a cancer chemopreventive agent in rats. Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: To study the pharmacokinetics of deguelin, a naturally occurring potential cancer chemopreventive agent, in rats. METHODS: [3H]Deguelin was administered intravenously (i.v.) under anesthesia, and blood samples were collected over 24 h. [3H]Deguelin and metabolites were extracted from plasma with ethyl acetate, and quantified by HPLC. Data were analyzed with the WinNolin pharmacokinetic software package to determine pharmacokinetic parameters. A three-compartment first-order elimination model was used to fit the plasma concentration-time curve. In addition, deguelin concentrations in tissues after i.v. and intragastric (i.g.) administration were determined by HPLC, and excretion (feces and urine) was evaluated over a 5-day period after i.g. administration. RESULTS: Deguelin exhibited a mean residence time (MRT) of 6.98 h and terminal half-life (t1/2(gamma)) of 9.26 h. The area under the curve (AUC) and total clearance (Cl) were 57.3 ng.h/ml and 4.37 l/h per kg, respectively, with an apparent volume of distribution (V) and volume of distribution at steady-state (Vss) of 3.421 l/kg and 30.46 l/kg, respectively. Following i.v. administration, the relative levels of tissue distribution were as follows: heart > fat > mammary gland > colon > liver > kidney > brain > lung. Following i.g. administration, the relative levels of tissue distribution were as follows: perirenal fat > heart > mammary gland > colon > kidney > liver > lung > brain > skin. Within 5 days of i.g. administration, about 58.1% of the [3H]deguelin was eliminated via the feces and 14.4% via the urine. Approximately 1.7% of unchanged deguelin was found in the feces, and 0.4% in the urine. CONCLUSIONS: An initial pharmacokinetic investigation of deguelin showed that this rotenoid has a relatively long MRT and half-life in plasma in the rat. The compound distributed in the tissues and excreted as metabolites, mainly via the feces.

published proceedings

  • Cancer Chemother Pharmacol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Udeani, G. O., Zhao, G. M., Shin, Y. G., Kosmeder, J. W., Beecher, C. W., Kinghorn, A. D., ... Pezzuto, J. M.

citation count

  • 45

complete list of authors

  • Udeani, GO||Zhao, GM||Shin, YG||Kosmeder, JW||Beecher, CW||Kinghorn, AD||Moriarty, RM||Moon, RC||Pezzuto, JM

publication date

  • March 2001