Clock offset estimation in wireless sensor networks using robust M-estimation
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Clock synchronization plays a crucial role in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Assuming that there is no clock skew between sensor nodes, the Maximum Likelihood Estimate (MLE) of clock offset was derived by  for clock synchronization protocols assuming exponential random delays and a two-way message exchange mechanism as in TPSN (Timing-sync Protocol for Sensor Networks ) or NTP (Network Time Protocol). The MLE is appropriate for the case that the random delays in WSNs are exponentially distributed. However, the performance of the MLE is deteriorated considerably in the case that the underlying distribution is contaminated by or mixed with other distributions. Hence, a robust estimator is needed. In this paper, clock offset estimators based on the robust M-estimation method are proposed and it is shown that the proposed estimators present excellent performance in the mean squared error (MSE) sense under the condition that the underlying distribution is mixed with other distribution. 2009 SPIE.
name of conference
Advanced Topics in Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnologies IV