Effects of a single trace mineral injection at beginning of fixed-time AI treatment regimen on reproductive function and antioxidant response of grazing Nellore cows
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Two experiments evaluated the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITM) administered 11 d before artificial insemination (AI) on body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), ovarian structures, pregnancy rate, and antioxidant response of Nellore cows. In Experiment 1, 20 multiparous cows were assigned to one of two treatments: subcutaneous injection (6 mL/cow; 11 d before AI) of saline solution or ITM (60, 10, 5, and 15 mg/mL of Zn, Mn, Se and Cu, respectively) and BW, BCS, ovarian structures and blood were evaluated. In Experiment 2, 1,144 multiparous cows were assigned to same treatments described in Experiment 1 and pregnancy rate on d 30 was evaluated. In Experiment 1, ITM did not affect (P ≥ 0.23) BW, dominant follicle size, ovulation rate, and plasma concentrations of haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin and progesterone (P4). The ITM treatment tended to increase (P = 0.06) cow BCS and reduce (P ≤ 0.06) corpus luteum (CL) diameter and volume. Furthermore, ITM treatment tended to increase (P = 0.06) plasma concentrations of SOD and increased (P = 0.007) GSH-Px compared with saline injection. In Experiment 2, ITM treatment tended (P = 0.06) to increase pregnancy rate of cows with BCS ≤ 5.0 but not cows with BCS > 5.0 (P = 0.99). The ITM treatment did not alter BW, plasma P4, and acute phase response, but enhanced plasma concentrations of antioxidant enzymes, and tended to enhance BCS and pregnancy rates to AI of cows with BCS ≤ 5.0, even though there was a smaller corpus luteum size.
author list (cited authors)
Vedovatto, M., Moriel, P., Cooke, R. F., Costa, D. S., Faria, F., Cortada Neto, I. M., ... Franco, G. L.