Effects of transverse bodily movements of maxillary premolars on the surrounding hard tissue. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: This experimental study was designed to (1) produce buccal translation of maxillary premolars and (2) evaluate the effects on the buccal alveolar bone. METHODS: A randomized split-mouth study was designed based on 7 adult male beagle dogs. The experimental side received a custom cantilever appliance fabricated to produce a translatory force through the maxillary second premolar's center of resistance. The contralateral second premolar received no appliance and served as the control. The premolars underwent 6-7weeks of buccal translation, followed by 3weeks of fixed retention. Biweekly tooth movements were evaluated using intraoral and radiographic measurements. Pretreatment and posttreatment models were measured to assess tipping. Three-dimensional microscopic tomography was used to quantify the amount and density of buccal bone. Bone formation and turnover were assessed using fluorescent labeling, hematoxylin and eosin staining, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, and bone sialoprotein immunostaining. RESULTS: The applied force (100g of force) translated (1.4mm) and minimally tipped (4) the experimental teeth. Lateral translation produced dehiscences at the mesial and distal roots, with 2.0mm and 2.2mm loss of vertical bone height, respectively. Bone thickness decreased significantly (P<0.05) at the apical (0.4mm), midroot (0.4mm), and coronal (0.2mm) levels. Fluorescent imaging, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and immunostaining for bone sialoprotein all showed new bone formation extending along the entire periosteal surface of the second premolar's buccal plate. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining demonstrated greater osteoclastic activity on the experimental than that of control sections. CONCLUSIONS: New buccal bone forms on the periosteal surface during and after tooth translation, but the amount of bone that forms is less than the amount of bone loss, resulting in a net decrease in buccal bone thickness and a loss of crestal bone.

published proceedings

  • Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop

author list (cited authors)

  • Christoph, K. M., Campbell, P. M., Feng, J. Q., Taylor, R. W., Jacob, H. B., & Buschang, P. H.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Christoph, Kristina M||Campbell, Phillip M||Feng, Jian Q||Taylor, Reginald W||Jacob, Helder B||Buschang, Peter H

publication date

  • April 2020