Trajectory of Mortality and Health-Related Quality of Life Morbidity Following Community-Acquired Pediatric Septic Shock. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: In-hospital pediatric sepsis mortality has decreased substantially, but long-term mortality and morbidity among children initially surviving sepsis, is unknown. Accordingly, the Life After Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation investigation was conducted to describe the trajectory of mortality and health-related quality of life morbidity for children encountering community-acquired septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort-outcome study, conducted 2013-2017. SETTING: Twelve academic PICUs in the United States. PATIENTS: Critically ill children, 1 month to 18 years, with community-acquired septic shock requiring vasoactive-inotropic support. INTERVENTIONS: Demographic, infection, illness severity, organ dysfunction, and resource utilization data were collected daily during PICU admission. Serial parent proxy-report health-related quality of life assessments were obtained at baseline, 7 days, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months following PICU admission utilizing the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory or Stein-Jessop Functional Status Scale. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Among 389 children enrolled, mean age was 7.4 ± 5.8 years; 46% were female; 18% were immunocompromised; and 51% demonstrated chronic comorbidities. Baseline Pediatric Overall Performance Category was normal in 38%. Median (Q1-Q3) Pediatric Risk of Mortality and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction scores at PICU admission were 11.0 (6.0-17.0) and 9.0 (6.0-11.0); durations of vasoactive-inotropic and mechanical ventilation support were 3.0 days (2.0-6.0 d) and 8.0 days (5.0-14.0 d); and durations of PICU and hospital stay were 9.4 days (5.6-15.4 d) and 15.7 days (9.2-26.0 d). At 1, 3, 6, and 12 months following PICU admission for the septic shock event, 8%, 11%, 12%, and 13% of patients had died, while 50%, 37%, 30%, and 35% of surviving patients had not regained their baseline health-related quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation provides the first longitudinal description of long-term mortality and clinically relevant, health-related quality of life morbidity among children encountering community-acquired septic shock. Although in-hospital mortality was 9%, 35% of survivors demonstrated significant, health-related quality of life deterioration from baseline that persisted at least 1 year following hospitalization for septic shock.

altmetric score

  • 13.55

author list (cited authors)

  • Zimmerman, J. J., Banks, R., Berg, R. A., Zuppa, A., Newth, C. J., Wessel, D., ... Reeder, R. W.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Zimmerman, Jerry J||Banks, Russell||Berg, Robert A||Zuppa, Athena||Newth, Christopher J||Wessel, David||Pollack, Murray M||Meert, Kathleen L||Hall, Mark W||Quasney, Michael||Sapru, Anil||Carcillo, Joseph A||McQuillen, Patrick S||Mourani, Peter M||Wong, Hector||Chima, Ranjit S||Holubkov, Richard||Coleman, Whitney||Sorenson, Samuel||Varni, James W||McGalliard, Julie||Haaland, Wren||Whitlock, Kathryn||Dean, J Michael||Reeder, Ron W

publication date

  • March 2020