Neural Cryptography Based on Complex-Valued Neural Network. Academic Article uri icon


  • Neural cryptography is a public key exchange algorithm based on the principle of neural network synchronization. By using the learning algorithm of a neural network, the two neural networks update their own weight through exchanging output from each other. Once the synchronization is completed, the weights of the two neural networks are the same. The weights of the neural network can be used for the secret key. However, all the existing works are based on the real-valued neural network model. There are seldom works studying the neural cryptography based on a complex-valued neural network model. In this technical note, a neural cryptography based on the complex-valued tree parity machine network (CVTPM) is proposed. The input, output, and weights of CVTPM are a complex value, which can be considered as an extension of TPM. There are two advantages of the CVTPM: 1) the security of CVTPM is higher than that of TPM with the same hidden units, input neurons, and synaptic depths and 2) the two parties with the CVTPM can exchange two group keys in one neural synchronization process. A series of numerical simulation experiments is provided to verify our results.

published proceedings

  • IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst

author list (cited authors)

  • Dong, T., & Huang, T.

citation count

  • 78

complete list of authors

  • Dong, Tao||Huang, Tingwen

publication date

  • November 2020