New β-lactam – tetramic acid hybrids show promising antibacterial activities Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • β-Lactams are the most important class of antibiotics, for which the emergence of resistance threatens their utility. As such, we explored the extent to which the tetramic acid motif, frequently found in naturally occurring antibiotics, can be used to generate novel β-lactam antibiotics with improved antibacterial activity. We synthesized new ampicillin - tetramic acid, cephalosporin - tetramic acid, and cephamycin - tetramic acid analogs and evaluated their activities against problematic Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Amongst the analogs, a 7-aminocephalosporanic acid analog, 3397, and a 7-amino-3-vinyl cephalosporanic acid, 3436, showed potent activities against S. aureus NRS 70 (MRSA) with MICs of 6.25 μg/mL and 3.13 μg/mL respectively. These new analogs were ≥16-fold more potent than cefaclor and cephalexin. Additionally, a Δ2 cephamycin - tetramic acid analog 3474 which contained a basic guanidinium substituent at the 5-position of the tetramic acid core displayed potent activity against several clinical strains of K. pneumoniae and E. coli.

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Cherian, P. T., Cheramie, M. N., Marreddy, R., Fernando, D. M., Hurdle, J. G., & Lee, R. E.

citation count

  • 8

publication date

  • July 2018