Incidence Rates of Surgically Managed Cystic Echinococcosis in Kazakhstan, 2007-2016.
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Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stage of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. The parasite typically infects dogs and ungulates, with humans acting as dead-end hosts. Information on the epidemiology of CE is lacking from Central Asia, including from Kazakhstan where CE cases are reported centrally. This study presents data from the Kazakhstan Scientific and Practical Center for Sanitary and Epidemiological Evaluation and Monitoring on CE patients treated surgically, with a diagnosis confirmed by pathology. Evaluation of data from 2007 to 2016 indicated that the CE incidence rate decreased during this time period in most areas of Kazakhstan (country-level incidence rate of 5.6 versus 4.7 cases/100,000 population in 2007 and 2016, respectively). Cystic echinococcosis had a higher incidence in southern Kazakhstan, with an incidence rate between 7.0 and 10.5 cases per 100,000 population, whereas northern regions had rates less than 4.0 cases per 100,000 population. Moreover, despite the overall decrease, CE incidence continues to increase in the south. Cystic echinococcosis surveillance is needed, particularly in the south, to help inform policymakers and orient disease control efforts.
author list (cited authors)
Mustapayeva, A., Manciulli, T., Zholdybay, Z., Juskiewicz, K., Zhakenova, Z., Shapiyeva, Z., ... Duisenova, A.
complete list of authors
Mustapayeva, Aigerim||Manciulli, Tommaso||Zholdybay, Zhamilya||Juskiewicz, Konrad||Zhakenova, Zhanar||Shapiyeva, Zhanna||Medetov, Zhumagul||Vola, Ambra||Mariconti, Mara||Brunetti, Enrico||Budke, Christine M||Khalykova, Maira||Duisenova, Amangul