Microseism and infrasound generation by cyclones. Academic Article uri icon


  • A two-dimensional cylindrical shear-flow wave theory for the generation of microseisms and infrasound by hurricanes and cyclones is developed as a linearized theory paralleling the seminal work by Longuet-Higgins which was limited to one-dimensional plane waves. Both theories are based on Bernoulli's principle. A little appreciated consequence of the Bernoulli principle is that surface gravity waves induce a time dependent pressure on the sea floor through a vertical column of water. A significant difference exists between microseisms detected at the bottom of each column and seismic signals radiated into the crust through coherence over a region of the sea floor. The dominant measured frequency of radiated microseisms is matched by this new theory for seismic data gathered at the Fordham Seismic Station both for a hurricane and a mid-latitude cyclone in 1998. Implications for Bernoulli's principle and this cylindrical stress flow theory on observations in the literature are also discussed.

published proceedings

  • J Acoust Soc Am

author list (cited authors)

  • Bowen, S. P., Richard, J. C., Mancini, J. D., Fessatidis, V., & Crooker, B.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Bowen, Samuel P||Richard, Jacques C||Mancini, Jay D||Fessatidis, Vassilios||Crooker, Benjamin

publication date

  • May 2003