Classification of Program Activities: How Nonprofits Create Social Value Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper defines and describes a framework to classify program activities utilized by nonprofit organizations to achieve public benefit objectives. Drawing on theory and practice from strategy, nonprofit management, and program planning, the paper proposes five program activities differentiated by the value created. Several factors define and differentiate the approaches and serve as decision areas for nonprofit managers when developing program strategies. Classifying program activities facilitates further research as it provides a common language and framework to analyze strategic choices enacted in nonprofit organizations

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Brown, W.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • January 1, 2017 11:11 AM