Mathematics and Science Self-efficacy and STEM Careers: A Path Analysis Academic Article uri icon


  • The number of students who are majoring in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields and subsequently entering STEM-related careers is insufficient to fill the growing number of job positions in the STEM job market. Research has shown that students self-efficacy is strongly related to not only students academic performance but also their course selection and future career choices. In the present study, researchers developed, tested, and applied a theoretical model based on previous research to see if there were important connections between students science and mathematics self-efficacy and their interest toward STEM careers. The path analysis results showed a statistical significance between science self-efficacy and STEM career interest. In addition, the path analysis results representing the relationship between mathematics self-efficacy and interest in technology, engineering, and mathematics (TEM) careers showed statistical significance. However, the path analysis results did not indicate a statistical significance between mathematics self-efficacy and interest in science careers.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Mathematics Education

author list (cited authors)

  • Kwon, H., Vela, K., Williams, A. M., & Barroso, L. R.

publication date

  • January 2019