Testing and Validation of Adaptive Impedance Matching System for Broadband Antenna Academic Article uri icon


  • Broad RF impedance matching is challenging; however, the need for broadband matching is found frequently in modern RF and wireless systems with multiple wireless standards. Moreover, in 5G technology, multiple frequency bands are used, and these systems typically employ a broadband antenna or multiple antennas. Antenna impedances vary from design targets for many reasons including manufacturing process variations or antenna environment changes. An adaptive impedance matching system (AIMS) for testing and validation is introduced, and its implementation is shown in this paper. The AIMS can control impedance matching tuner settings to provide an arbitrary impedance frequency-varying load that meets user-defined conditions. This AIMS provides a testing and validation system for broadband antennas that can be characterized by various settings of the impedance matching tuner. As a device under test (DUT), a three-stub reconfigurable filter was used as the impedance matching tuner on a RT/Duroid 6010 RF board. It was integrated with a control circuit board. This AIMS implementation also included an antenna impedance tuner that can vary the distance between the antenna and the ground plane. This model represents practical antenna impedance variations. The AIMS controls a network analyzer and the impendence matching tuner. The adaptive control program on a PC was developed to perform an effective two-pass tuning strategy. This article presents the successful automated tuned results and their numerical evaluations of three cases that were generated by the antenna impedance tuner.

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Hur, B., Eisenstadt, W. R., & Melde, K. L.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Hur, Byul||Eisenstadt, William R||Melde, Kathleen L

publication date

  • September 2019