Femtosecond laser tagging in R134a with trace quantities of air.
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Femtosecond laser tagging is demonstrated for the first time in R134a (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane) gas, and in mixtures of R134a with small quantities of air. A systematic study of this tagging method is explored through the adjustment of gas pressure, mixture ratio and laser properties. It is found that the signal strength and lifetime are greatest at low pressures for excitation at both the 400 nm and 800 nm laser wavelengths. The relative intensities of two spectral peaks in the near-UV emission change as a function of gas pressure and can potentially be used for local pressure measurements. Single shot precision in pure R134a and R134a with 5% air is demonstrated in quiescent gas and at the exit of a subsonic pipe flow. One standard deviation (68%) of the uncertainty lies within 5 m/s of the mean velocity in a low pressure quiescent flow using a delay time of 3s, and 18 m/s in a 230 m/s flow using a delay of 5 s. The parameter space of these results are chosen to mimic conditions used in the NASA Langley Research Center's Transonic Dynamics Tunnel. The precision and signal lifetime demonstrate the feasibility of using this technique for measuring flowfields that induce airfoil flutter.
author list (cited authors)
Zhang, Y., Danehy, P. M., & Miles, R. B.